Shareholders are the individuals or organizations who invest funds in a company by purchasing shares of stock. They earn a profit or loss on their investment depending on the performance of the company as well as its ability to pay dividends. They also gain from capital appreciation, which occurs when the value of their shares rises over time. Shareholders’ rights and privileges are varying in accordance with state law, a company charter or bylaws.

There are two types of shareholders in a company including common stockholders as well as preferred shareholders. The majority of shareholders are common stockholders and they are entitled to vote at shareholder meetings. They can participate in the decision-making process as well as scrutinize reports. They can get preferential dividends and have priority over ordinary shares in liquidation, but only after creditors have been paid.

The term “shareholders” can also refer to people who own debentures and bonds issued by an organization. These are debt instruments that give investors a certain amount of return. They are typically not involved in the daily activities of the company, however their interests may be represented in the body that governs the business.

Investors who invest in shares of an organization with a goal in mind, such as the acquisition of new markets or the development of technology, are known as strategic shareholders. This type of shareholder is an essential part of a family firm because they are aware of the project’s scope and appreciate the possibilities of it and are willing to take on risk in order to get a return on their investment.